Benefits of Vitamins for health
Vitamins are organic compounds that helps in regulating body process. Vitamins are important for normal health and growth. Vitamins improve immunity and prevent illness. There are two types of vitamins: Fat soluble and Water soluble. Vitamins A, D, E and K are Fat soluble vitamins and they are dissolved in the fat tissues in our body. They are not easily transported in the blood and needed special proteins. On the other hand, Vitamin C and B are water soluble vitamins and they are dissolved in water. These vitamins are present in fruits vegetable and grains. They are not stored in the body because body takes the vitamins needed from the food and the excess is excreted in urine. Now I’ll be discussing about these 6 vitamins in brief.
Vitamin A: The scientific name of vitamin A is Retinol, Retinal and Retinoic Acid. Its primary role is to protect vision. We can get vitamin A from carrots, sweet potato, spinach, eggs etc. Deficiency in vitamin A can cause Night blindness and xerophthalmia.
Vitamin B: The scientific name of vitamin B is Thiamine. The role of vitamin B is to make red blood cells and to make energy from the food. Vitamin B is further divided in 4 different type: B1, B3, B6 and B12. Sources of Vitamin B are yeast, pork, cereal grains, kale, oranges, cauliflowers, liver, eggs, milk etc. Deficiency in vitamin B can cause Beri-Beri, Anemia and mental confusion.
Vitamin C: The scientific name of vitamin C is Ascorbic acid. The main function of vitamin C is to protect the body from infection. Also, it helps in the growth and repair of tissues. Vitamin C is found in fruits and vegetables. Peppers, broccoli, guava, papaya kiwi and oranges are rich in vitamin C. Deficiency can cause Scurvy and bone pain.
Vitamin D: The scientific name of vitamin D is cholecalciferol. Vitamin D helps in regulating blood calcium levels and it maintains bone health. Vitamin D also regulates the absorption of Calcium and Phosphorus which are the two important components for developing the structure and strengths of bones. So even if we eat foods that contains lots of Calcium and Phosphorus, without vitamin D you can’t absorb them in your body. Vitamin D also make sure that our muscles, heart, lungs and brain works well. Main source of vitamin D is sunlight, but we can also get it from supplements and from salmon. Vitamin D deficiency can cause rickets in children and osteocalcin in adults.
Vitamin E: The scientific name of vitamin E is tocopherol. Vitamin E works as an antioxidant and it helps in protecting white blood cells and cell membrane. Main sources of vitamin E are sunflower seeds, almonds, vegetable oils and fortified cereals. Deficiency of vitamin E can cause hemolytic anemia, impairment of nerve, muscle and immune function.
Vitamin K: The scientific name of vitamin K is phylloquinone. Vitamin K plays a role in blood clotting. Vitamin k is also important for building strong bones. Vitamin k is found in leafy green vegetables. Deficiency of vitamin K can cause impaired blood clotting. It can also effect on bone health.